Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts
Jean Buridan's "Quaestiones" on the Ten Books of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics
Date of origin:After 1416.
Place of origin: Bologna, Italy
Paper codex with watermarks: Roughly one-half of the paper folia contain a watermark. F. 6r, a blank folium, gives the best view of the dragon watermark (Briquet 2677).
Medieval foliation in arabic numerals in black ink in the top right corner of each recto is inaccurate. It begins at the front of the commentary text (f. 7r) and continues for the first 19 leaves (number 12 is doubled). What should be f. 20 in the medieval schema (f. 27 in modern) is labeled 30. No text appears to be missing. At f. 208r the medieval pagination skips 10 numbers again, jumping from 209 to 220. The numbers correctly correspond to those given in the table of contents. Arabic numerals at the top center of recto correspond to the book of Aristotle's "Nicomachean Ethics" upon which the text is currently commenting. Modern foliation in lead is provided in the bottom-left of each recto and includes, on the first folium of a new quire, the quire number.
Dimensions:432mm x 295mm (leaves), 305mm x 180mm (ruled space)
Collation:16 2-2010 2110 (-6) 22-2410 2510 + 1 Catchwords are present for every quire except the second and correct throughout the text. One folium between 201 and 202 appears to have been excised.
Script:Written in a littera gothica textualis media. One hand is responsible for all of the text in this manuscript, table of contents and body included. The script changes to textualis formata in the first lines of new sections.
Binding: The manuscript is bound in 16th-century three-quarter brown morocco, blind stamped, over wooden boards. Portions of all four leather-and-brass clasps remain. Manuscript waste as spine lining.
Ms ex libris of Ludovico Podocataro (1430-1504) at the top of f. 1r.
Bibliography:Faral, Edmond. "Jean Buridan: notes sur les manuscrits, les editions, et le contenu de ses ouvrages," Archives d'histoire doctrinale et litteraire du moyen age. 15 (1946): 1-53.