Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts
The Aurora of Peter Riga
Date of origin:Last half of 13th century
Place of origin:Spain
Folia are numbered in top right corner of recto. First 12 folia are numbered in ink; from 13 on, numbering is in several modern hands in lead.
Dimensions:230mm x 150mm (leaves), 175mm x 70mm (ruled space)
Collation:1-78 810 (-3, -7) 9-118 128 (±1, ±2) 13-238 2410 (-9) 2514 2610 278
Script:Written by three hands in a littera gothica textualis media. Hand #1 covers f. 1r to f. 96r and 99r-177r. Hand #2 is on what appears to be a pair of cancel leaves between fol. 96 and fol. 99. Hand #3 appears in the last 1.5 lines of f. 177r, finishing the line "Set monet..." begun by Hand #1.
Binding:The binding is of limp parchment, and the fragile covers are detached from the main body of the codex. The pastedowns (front and back) of the codex are scrap folia from a legal manuscript containing the text of Justinian's "Digests" with formal marginal glosses and smaller informal glosses beneath the marginal glosses. The bookhands are clearly gothic, the main text in textualis formata, the formal glosses in textualis media, and the informal glosses in cursiva currens.
Additions:Marginal annotations and corrections appear throughout beginning on f. 1r. There are at least nine annotative hands in addition to those of Hands #1 and #2, some of which are in later gothic hybrid hands, but others are clearly later hands like that on ff. 62v and 63r which simply clarifies the readings of the medieval hand. On the very last folium (225v), one hand has written "1220 postridie idus Aprilis" and above 1220, in a later hand and ink the number/year "1824" is written. Below this, the 1220 has been subtracted from the 1824 to yield the number "0604."
On the front pastedown, there is a name written at the top-center in a later hand--"Pedro Re[...]". At some point the codex belonged to English artist and poet William Morris (1834-1896); a bookplate with his name is attached to the inside front cover.
Bibliography:Beichner, Paul E. Aurora Petri Rigae Biblia Versificata: A Verse Commentary of the Bible, 2 Vols. Notre Dame, 1965.